Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 3205-3214

Effect of mesenchymal stem cells on movement and urination of rats with spinal cord injury

Justino da Silva, AlexandraAdemar Villanova Junior, JoséFracaro, LeticiaLúcia Kuniyoshi Rebelatto, CarmenBarchiki, FabianeAdriane Bezerra de Moura, SérgioCorrea Dominguez, Alejandro, Anad, Anad, Anad, AnaLocatelli-Dittrich, RosângelaRoberto Slud Brofman, PauloGomes Quitzan, Juliany

Cell therapy has frequently been reported as a possible treatment for spinal trauma in humans and animals; however, without pharmacologically curative action on damage from the primary lesion. In this study, we evaluated the effect of administering human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSC) in rats after spinal cord injury. The hADSC were used between the third and fifth passages and a proportion of cells were transduced for screening in vivo after transplantation. Spinal cord injury was induced with a Fogarty catheter no. 3 inserted into the epidural space with a cuff located at T8 and filled with 80 ?L saline for 5 min. The control group A (n = 12) received culture medium (50 ?L) and group B (n = 12) received hADSC (1.2 × 106) at 7 and 14 days post-injury, in the tail vein. Emptying of the bladder by massage was performed daily for 3 months. Evaluation of functional motor activity was performed daily until 3 months post-injury using the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scale. Subsequently, the animals were euthanized and histological analysis of the urinary bladder and spinal cord was performed. Bioluminescence analysis revealed hADSC at the application site and lungs. There was improvement of urinary bladder function in 83.3% animals in group B and 16.66% animals in group A. The analysis of functional motor activity and histology of the spinal cord and urinary bladder demonstrated no s

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