Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 343-350

Use of organic compost produced from slaughterhouse waste as fertilizer in soybean and corn crops

Nunes, Walder Antonio Gomes de AlbuquerqueMenezes, June Faria ScherrerBenites, Vinícius de MeloLima Junior, Sérgio Araújo deOliveira, Anderson dos Santos

Slaughterhouses generate large amounts of rumen content and its use as a fertilizer may offer an environmentally friendly strategy for its management. The effect of an organic fertilizer produced from slaughterhouse waste on the fertility of sandy and clayey soils as well as soybean yield (Glycine max L.) and corn (Zea mays L.) crops was evaluated. Field experiments were set up and five rates up to 16 t ha1 of organic fertilizer (293 kg ha1 N, 334 kg ha1 P and 27 kg ha1 K) were applied annually, before sowing in spring/summer, as well as a mineral fertilization of 300 kg ha1 in the formulation 2-20-20 for soybean and 300 kg ha1 of 12-15-15 for corn. The organic fertilizer changed soil fertility in the field experiments by increasing pH, Ca, Mg, K, P-Mehlich and P-resin. Such effects were more evident in the sandy than in the clayey soil, and the most superficial layer was affected more. The organic fertilizer rate needed to achieve maximum yield decreased for corn in both soils and for soybean in the sandy soil, although the amounts required may still be regarded as high.(AU)

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