Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

AMMI analysis to evaluate the adaptability and phenotypic stability of sugarcane genotypes

Cláudio Inácio da Silveira, LuísKist, VolmirOtávio Mendes de Paula, ThiagoHenrique Pereira Barbosa, MárcioAlexandre Peternelli, LuizDaros, Edelclaiton

Sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) is one of the most important crops in Brazil. The high demand for sugarcane-derived products has stimulated the expansion of sugarcane cultivation in recent years, exploring different environments. The adaptability and the phenotypic stability of sugarcane genotypes in the Minas Gerais state, Brazil, were evaluated based on the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) method. We evaluated 15 genotypes (13 clones and two checks: RB867515 and RB72454) in nine environments. The average of two cuttings for the variable tons of pol per hectare (TPH) measure was used to discriminate genotypes. Besides the check RB867515 (20.44 t ha-1), the genotype RB987935 showed a high average TPH (20.71 t ha-1), general adaptability and phenotypic stability, and should be suitable for cultivation in the target region. The AMMI method allowed for easy visual identification of superior genotypes for each set of environments.

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