Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Levels of Polyamines in Feces of Laying Hens Fed with Agave Fructans (Agave Tequilana, Weber) in Association with the Quality and Production of Egg

Sánchez-Chiprés, DRChávez-Mora, IYReynoso-Orozco, RNoa-Pérez, M

ABSTRACT In this study two experiments were carried out, the effect of a diet supplemented with fructans of Agave tequilana Weber, was analyzed in Hy-line hens in regards to their egg quality and production as well as on the levels of the polyamines, putrescine, spermidine and spermine in their feces. In the first study 300 Hy-line W-36 hens per group, which were aged 36 weeks, were randomly separated as follows for each of the three treatments. One group of 100 hens was fed with a diet supplemented with 0.1% fructans. Another group of 100 hens was supplemented with 0.2% fructans and a group of 100 hens without any fructans was added as a control group. Feed consumption was lower in the supplemented groups compared to the control group (p 0.05). Egg yolk quality was measured using Haugh units. The quality of the shell was studied using an Egg Force reader (g pressure/mm2). Putrescine levels was measured in 10 animals in each group. In the second study, 1,155 laying hens, aged one day from the Hy-line W-35 genetic line were also randomly divided into three groups containing 385 hens in each one (A, B, C). Egg laying levels and weight was measured during 35 weeks. The egg laying percentage increased considerably in hens ingesting supplemented diets (p 0.05) and the egg weight was greater mainly in the supplementation with 0.1% fructans (p 0.05). Thus, it was shown that diet supplementation with fructans of agave improves egg quality and homeostasis and food consumption in the Hy-line hen.

Texto completo