Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 159-164

Lactobacillus Pentosus Ita23 and L. Acidipiscis Ita44 Enhance Feed Conversion Efficiency and Beneficial Gut Microbiota in Broiler Chickens

Altaher, Y. WJahromi, M. FEbrahim, RZulkifli, ILiang, J. B

Although the use of probiotics especially Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria species on growth and feed utilization in poultry production has been extensively studied, the results were inconsistent presumably because the mode of action of probiotic is multi-factorial and each probiotic strain may affect the host in a specific manner. This study investigated the probiotic effect of two strains of Lactobacillus (Lactobacillus pentosus ITA23 and Lactobacillus acidophilus ITA44; 109 cells/kg feed) isolated from mulberry (Morus Alba) silage on the growth performance, cecal microbial population, and blood cholesterol of broiler chickens. One hundred twenty male broiler chicks (Cobb500) were randomLy allocated to two groups (control and treatment) of six replicates (cages) with 10 chicks per cage. Chicks in the control group received a standard diet and those in the treatment group received the same diet supplemented with 109 cells of the above Lactobacillus per kg feed. Supplementation of Lactobacillus did not affect body weight gain (averaged 1604 g at 35 days old) but feed conversion ratio improved (p 0.01) by 6.4% due to reduction in feed intake (p 0.01) by birds in the treatment group. Supplementation also increased the population of Lactobacillus spp. and reduced pathogens E. coli in the cecal samples. Although Lactobacillus supplementation tends to reduce serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglyceride concentrations, these values were not significantly different from those of the control group. Results of this study showed that L. pentosus ITA23 and L. acidophilus ITA44 are potential probiotics to be used in poultry diets.(AU)

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