Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Alternagin-C binding to 21 integrin controls matrix metalloprotease-9 and matrix metalloprotease-2 in breast tumor cells and endothelial cells

Moritz, Milene Nóbrega de OliveiraEustáquio, Lívia Mara SantosMicocci, Kelli CristinaNunes, Ana Carolina CaetanoSantos, Patty Karina dosVieira, Tamires de CastroSelistre-de-Araujo, Heloísa Sobreiro

Background Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key players in tumor progression, helping tumor cells to modify their microenvironment, which allows cell migration to secondary sites. The role of integrins, adhesion receptors that connect cells to the extracellular matrix, in MMP expression and activity has been previously suggested. However, the mechanisms by which integrins control MMP expression are not completely understood. Particularly, the role of 21 integrin, one of the major collagen I receptors, in MMP activity and expression has not been studied. Alternagin-C (ALT-C), a glutamate-cysteine-aspartate-disintegrin from Bothrops alternatus venom, has high affinity for an 21 integrin. Herein, we used ALT-C as a 21 integrin ligand to study the effect of ALT-C on MMP-9 and MMP-2 expression as well as on tumor cells, fibroblats and endothelial cell migration. Methods ALT-C was purified by two steps of gel filtration followed by anion exchange chromatography. The 21, integrin binding properties of ALT-C, its dissociation constant (Kd) relative to this integrin and to collagen I (Col I) were determined by surface plasmon resonance. The effects of ALT-C (10, 40, 100 and 1000 nM) in migration assays were studied using three human cell lines: human fibroblasts, breast tumor cell line MDA-MB-231, and microvascular endothelial cells HMEC-1, considering cells found in the tumor microenvironment. ALT-C effects on MMP-9 and MMP-2 expression and activity were analyzed by quantitative PCR and gelatin zymography, respectively. Focal adhesion kinase activation was determined by western blotting. Results Our data demonstrate that ALT-C, after binding to 21 integrin...(AU)

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