Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Probable chronic renal failure caused by Lonomia caterpillar envenomation

Schmitberger, Poliana AbrantesFernandes, Tassia ClaraSantos, Robson Correade Assis, Rafael CamposGomes, Andreia PatriciaSiqueira, Priscila KarinaVitorino, Rodrigo Rogerde Mendonca, Eduardo Gomesde Almeida Oliveira, Maria GoretiSiqueira-Batista, Rodrigo

Erucism is a skin reaction to envenomation from certain poisonous caterpillar bristles. In Brazil, most reports of erucism provoked by Lonomia caterpillars are from the southern region. Most manifestations of erucism are local and include burning pain, itching, local hyperthermia and, rarely, blisters (benign symptoms with spontaneous regression in a few hours). General symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, headache, fever, myalgia, abdominal pain and conjunctivitis may also occur. Uncommon symptoms include arthritis, coagulation disorders (manifested as bruising and bleeding), intracerebral hemorrhage and acute renal failure, which comprise serious complications. The present study reports the case of 60-year-old patient from Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, who came into contact with a caterpillar and developed, a few days later, chronic renal disease.(AU)

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