Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 209-215

Diagnosis of Giardia infections by PCR-based methods in children of an endemic area

David, E. BCoradi, S. TOliveira-Sequeira, T. C. GRibolla, P. E. MKatagiri, SGuimarães, S

The present study was designed to estimate the prevalence of Giardia infection in preschool- and school-aged children living in an endemic area. Fecal samples from 573 children were processed by zinc sulfate centrifugal flotation, centrifugal sedimentation (using a commercial device for fecal concentration - TF-Test kit®) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods. Of the stool samples assessed, 277 (48.3 percent) were positive for intestinal parasites and/or commensal protozoa. Centrifugal flotation presented the highest diagnostic sensitivity for Giardia infections. The kappa index revealed that both coproparasitological techniques closely agreed on the Giardia diagnosis (86 percent) versus satisfactory (72 percent) and poor (35 percent) concordances for commensal protozoan and helminth infections, respectively. Concerning Giardia molecular diagnosis, from the 71 microscopy-positive samples, specific amplification of gdh and tpi fragments was noted in 68 (95.7 percent) and 64 (90 percent) samples, respectively. Amplification of gdh and tpi genes was observed, respectively, in 95.7 percent and 90 percent of microscopy-positive Giardia samples. For 144 microscopy-negative samples, gdh and tpi gene amplification products were obtained from 8.3 percent and 35.9 percent samples, respectively. The agreement between these genes was about 40 percent. The centrifuge-flotation based method was the most suitable means of Giardia diagnosis assessed in the present study by combining accuracy and low cost.(AU)

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