Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 654-658

Comparison of infection by Brucella spp. in free-ranging and captive wild animals from São Paulo State, Brazil

Antunes, J. M. A. PMachado, G. PCosta, L. FFornazari, FCipriano, J. R. BAppolinário, C. MAllendorf, S. DBagagli, ETeixeira, C. RMegid, J

The aim of the current study was to evaluate the infection rate by Brucella spp. in wild and in captive animals. Serum samples from 121 animals (94 free-ranging and 27 captive) of different mammal species were evaluated. Sera were submitted to rose Bengal test (RBT) for screening and serum agglutination tests (SAT) and 2-mercaptoethanol test (2-ME) for confirmatory results. Nine animals (five free-ranging and four captive) tested positive in RBT, but negative in the confirmatory tests. Several domestic animal diseases that have control programs are not focused on wild reservoirs, such as brucellosis in Brazil. The study of new reservoirs in wildlife is essential to prevent emerging diseases.(AU)

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