New records of Vampyrum spectrum (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) for the Pantanal domain in Brazil, with notes on the species natural history, biometry, and lower incisors arrangement
Pereira da Silva, AlexandraVieira Rossi, Rogério
Vampyrum spectrum is the largest bat of the New World, with wingspan reaching up to one meter. This carnivorous bat has wide geographical distribution that extends from the state of Veracruz, Mexico, to central Brazil and northern Bolivia. To date, 21 specimens have been recorded in Brazil, most of them in the Amazonian domain. There is only one record for the species in the Pantanal domain, referring to a specimen collected in 1944 in Barra do Aricá, State of Mato Grosso. In this study we present two new records of V. spectrum for the Pantanal domain, in the Poconé region, State of Mato Grosso, constituting the second and third records of the species for this region after more than 50 years with no local records. Our records represent the southern limit of the species range in Brazil and raise to 23 the number of records in the country. Data on the natural history, biometry, and lower incisors arrangement of the collected specimens are provided.