Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 545-548

Intravascular lymphoma in a dog: case report

Costa, Rafael R. M. EMartinelli, Paulo E. BPerossi, Isabela F. SBonato, LeticiaSilva, João Victor BNascimento, Bruna R. IBertolo, Paulo H. LLima, Gabriela PVasconcelos, Rosemeri O

Intravascular lymphoma is characterized by being a malignant neoplasm of extranodal T or B lymphocytes with exclusive proliferation within the vascular lumen, particularly of small vessels. The clinical signs vary due to the involvement of several organs, mainly the central nervous system. The diagnosis is difficult because many of the tests performed are not conclusive and, therefore, necropsy is the most efficient way to identify this tumor. This case report aims to describe the anatomopathological findings of a case of intravascular lymphoma in a mixed breed, 8 years old dog who presented neurological signs and was submitted to a necroscopic examination with clinical suspicion of granulomatous meningoencephalitis. The necropsy findings were not specific, but the presence of intravascular neoplastic lymphocytes int he brain, spleen, adrenal gland and stomach was verified by microscopy. These cells were positive for the CD3 antibody by immunohistochemistry, confirming the T lymphocyte phenotype. This neoplasm should be considered in the diagnosis of encephalopathies in dogs.(AU)

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