Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Histophilus somni-associated syndromes in sheep from Southern Brazil

Headley, Selwyn A.Pereira, Alfredo H.T.Balbo, Luciana C.Santia, Giovana W. DiBracarense, Ana P.F.R.L.Cunha Filho, Luiz F.C.Schade, JacksonOkano, WernerPereira, Priscilla F.V.Morotti, FábioPreto-Giordano, Lucienne G.Marcasso, Rogério A.Alfieri, Alice F.Lisbôa, Júlio A.N.Alfieri, Amauri A.

Abstract Histophilus somni is a Gram-negative bacterium that is associated with a disease complex (termed histophilosis) that can produce several clinical syndromes predominantly in cattle, but also in sheep. Histophilosis is well described in North America, Canada, and in some European countries. In Brazil, histophilosis has been described in cattle with respiratory, reproductive, and systemic disease, with only one case described in sheep. This report describes the occurrence of Histophilus somni-associated disease in sheep from Southern Brazil. Eight sheep with different clinical manifestations from five farms were investigated by a combination of pathological and molecular diagnostic methods to identify additional cases of histophilosis in sheep from Brazil. The principal pathological lesions were thrombotic meningoencephalitis, fibrinous bronchopneumonia, pulmonary abscesses, and necrotizing myocarditis. The main clinical syndromes associated with H. somni were thrombotic meningoencephalitis (n = 4), septicemia (n = 4), bronchopneumonia (n = 4), and myocarditis (n = 3). H. somni DNA was amplified from multiple tissues of all sheep with clinical syndromes of histophilosis; sequencing confirmed the PCR results. Further, PCR assays to detect Pasteurella multocida and Mannheimia haemolytica were negative. These findings confirmed the participation of H. somni in the clinical syndromes investigated during this study, and adds to the previous report of histophilosis in sheep from Brazil.

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