Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 38-50

Mosquito-transmitted viruses - the great Brazilian challenge

Mota, Mânlio Tasso de OliveiraTerzian, Ana CarolinaSilva, Maria Luana Cristiny RodriguesEstofolete, CássiaNogueira, Maurício Lacerda

Arboviruses pose a serious threat to public health worldwide, overloading the healthcare system and causing economic losses. These viruses form a very diverse group, and in Brazil, arboviruses belonging to the families Flaviviridae and Togaviridae are predominant. Unfortunately, the number of arboviruses increases in proportion with factors such as deforestation, poor sanitation, climate changes, and introduction of new viruses like Chikungunya virus and Zika virus. In Brazil, dengue is endemic, along with the presence of other arboviruses. The situation is complicated by the scarcity of diagnostic infrastructure and the absence of approved vaccines for these diseases. Disease control, thus, relies solely on vector control. Therefore, enhanced clinical knowledge and improved general awareness about these arboviruses are indispensable to tackle diagnostic inadequacies.(AU)

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