Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 287-293

Optimization of zofimarin production by an endophytic fungus, Xylaria sp. Acra L38

Chaichanan, JirapanWiyakrutta, SuthepPongtharangkul, ThunyaratIsarangkul, DuangnateMeevootisom, Vithaya

To optimize the medium for high zofimarin production, sucrose maltose, glucose, tryptone and peptone were used in an orthogonal array design experiment, where the highest value of zofimarin produced was 25.6 µg/mL. This value was about 3 times higher than that obtained with Czapek yeast extract (CzYE) culture medium. A study with Plackett-Burman design showed that sucrose, maltose, glucose and NaNO3 were significant factors in zofimarin production. Further studies using central composite design (CCD) showed the significance of glucose and the interactions of these critical components affecting zofimarin production. Multiple regression analysis of the data yielded a poor fit as shown by the mismatch of the model with these variable factors. When a polynomial equation was applied, the maximum zofimarin production was predicted to be 201.9 µg/mL. Experimental verification yielded a much lower amount of zofimarin, at around 70 µg/mL. Reconsideration of the CCD data and repetition of some runs with high zofimarin production resulted in reproducible zofimarin yield at 79.7 µ/mL. Even though the amount was lower than the predicted value, the medium optimization study was considered to be quite successful as the yield increased to around 8 times that obtained with the original CzYE culture medium.(AU)

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