Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 443-446

Dermatophytosis diagnosed at the Evandro Chagas Institute, Pará, Brazil

Silveira-Gomes, FabíolaOliveira, Elaina Ferreira deNepomuceno, Lívia BarretoPimentel, Rosiane FerreiraMarques-da-Silva, Silvia HelenaMesquita-da-Costa, Maurimélia

Dermatophytosis is caused by a dermatophyte fungus that affects the stratum corneum and keratinized tissue. Dermatophyte fungus has been reported worldwide as the causative agent of dermatophytosis, but the etio-epidemiological aspects of these mycoses in the state of Pará remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the etio-epidemiological profile of dermatophytosis diagnosed in patients at the Evandro Chagas Institute from May 2005 to June 2006. A total of 494 patients were admitted, and their samples were collected, submitted for direct microscopic examination using 20% KOH and cultured in Sabouraud and Mycosel medium. The identification was based in macro and microscopic characteristics. Direct examinations were positive in 13% (66/494) of the patients, and agent isolation by cultivation of the biological sample was successful in 4% (20/494), with a high prevalence of T. mentagrophytes (40%, 8/20). Dermatophytosis was more frequent in women (58%, 38/66). Fifty-two percent (21/38) of the cases were children with an average age of 8 years. The most frequent clinical presentation was Tinea corporis (55%, 36/66). For the cases in which the dermatophyte agent was not isolated, we discuss the factors that may be interfering with isolation. Tinea corporis occurred more frequently observed when T. mentagrophytes and T. rubrum were the major etiologic agents.(AU)

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