Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Prokaryotic communities of acidic peatlands from the southern Brazilian Atlantic Forest

M. Etto, R.M. Cruz, L.C. Jesus, E.W. Galvão, C.Galvão, F.M. Souza, E.O. Pedrosa, F.B. R. Steffens, M.

The acidic peatlands of southern Brazil are ecosystems essential for the maintenance of the Atlantic Forest, one of the 25 hot-spots of biodiversity in the world. In this work, we investigated the composition of prokaryotic communities in four histosols of three acidic peatland regions by constructing small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene libraries and sequencing. SSU rRNA gene sequence analysis showed the prevalence of Acidobacteria (38.8%) and Proteobacteria (27.4%) of the Bacteria domain and Miscellaneous (58%) and Terrestrial (24%) groups of Crenarchaeota of the Archaea domain. As observed in other ecosystems, archaeal communities showed lower richness than bacterial communities. We also found a limited number of Euryarchaeota and of known methanotrophic bacteria in the clone libraries.

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