Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Characterization of porcine oocytes stained with Lissamine Green B and their developmental potential in vitro

Bartkova, AlexandraMorovic, MartinStrejcek, FrantisekMurin, MatejBenc, MichalPercinic, Florina PopovskaLaurincik, Jozef

Traditional methods for the evaluation of oocyte quality are based on morphological classification of the follicle, cumulus-oocyte complex, polar body and meiotic spindle. This study is focused on the differences between the morphological assessment of oocyte quality, the assessment based on Lissamine Green B (LB) staining and the analysis of oocytes using a proteomic approach. We evaluated the effectiveness of electrochemical and chemical parthenogenetic activation under our laboratory conditions and evaluated the applicability of Lissamine Green B staining of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) as a non-invasive method for predicting the maturational and developmental competence of porcine oocytes cultured in vitro. We determined that chemical parthenogenetic activation using ionomycin and 6-dimethylaminopurine was slightly more effective than electrochemical activation. After oocyte selection according to LB staining, we found significant differences (P 0.05) between the LB- group and LB+ group and the control group in their maturation, cleavage rate and rate of blastocysts. Proteomic analyses identified a selection of proteins that were differentially expressed in each group of analysed oocytes. Oocytes of the LB- group exhibited an increased variability of proteins involved in transcription regulation, proteosynthesis and the protein folding crucial for oocyte maturation and further embryonic development. These results found a better competence of LB- oocytes in maturation, cleavage and ability to reach the blastocyst stage.(AU)

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