Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 66-71

Intrauterine growth restriction: screening and diagnosis using animal models

Felicioni, FernandoSantos, Thaís GarciaDomingues e Paula, Thaís de MériciChiarini-Garcia, HélioAlmeida, Fernanda Radicchi Campos Lobato de

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a serious condition of multifactorial origin, mainly caused by maternal malnutrition, multiple gestation associated with nutrient competition, abuse of nocive substances and infections. The diagnosis of such syndrome is complex, as its own manifestations can mask its occurrence, requiring a thorough assessment of body weight and size. Moreover, it is not responsive to any kind of treatment. There is evidence that IUGR may predispose the individual to several pathologies, such as diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome in adulthood, and it has also been linked to thrifty phenotype hypothesis. Thus, a healthy lifestyle is needed to better prevent those pathologies. Given the world high prevalence and importance of IUGR, mainly in developing countries, this review is focused on discussing how different animal models contribute to the biological screening and diagnosis of this condition.(AU)

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