Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 1285-1291

Identification of neomales in South American catfish Rhamdia quelen on the basis of the sex ratio in the progeny

Weiss, Luciano AugustoBernardes Júnior, Jurandir JoaquimNuñer, Alex Pires de Oliveira

In the present study, we aimed to identify masculinized genotypic females of Rhamdia Quelen on the basis of the sex ratio of the progeny. Masculinizing diets containing 3 levels of 17α-methyltestosterone (MT; 60, 90, or 120 mg kg-1) were administered to R. quelenfry. Thereafter, 5 phenotypic males from each MT treatment were crossed with normal females, and their progenies were sexed. At least 1 male from each treatment group generated progeny with a higher female:male ratio. These males, designated M60, M90, and M120, were crossed again with 3 other normal females to re-evaluate the sex ratio of the progeny. Moreover, a normal male was used as a control. Again, we found a higher female:male ratio in the progeny of M60, M90, and M120. The control male produced 2sets of balanced progeny and 1 with a lower female:maleratio. Although these breeders did not generate all- female progeny (79.75 ± 7.20% of females), our findingsindicate that M60, M90, and M120 can be considered masculinized genotypic females of R. quelen, suggesting the involvement of autosomal genes or polygenic interactions in sex determination. (AU)

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