Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 164-174

Amprolium-induced thiamine deficiency in mice: evaluation of a practical model by oral administration

Mendes de Cordova, FabianoAmorim Silva de Cordova, Clarissade Cássia Noronha Medeiros, RitaOliveira Moraes, JulianaDias Cardoso Rodrigues, SamaraQuézia da Silva Aguiar, HelenMartins Pereira, Leidiano

Thiamine is an essential cofactor for several cellular functions. Your deficiency results in important neurological disorders, with mechanisms and lesions not fully understood. The purpose of this work was to evaluate a thiamine deficiency through the model of oral administration of amprolium in mice. The animals, treated for 20 or 80 days, received amprolium in drinking water at doses of 10, 20, and 30 mg/mL (deficient groups A, B, and C, respectively). Deficient groups A and B showed reduction in body weight gain and performance changes in the open field (decreased distance and rearing, and increased grooming) and rotarod (reduced latency to fall) behavioural tests, when treated for 80 days. However, no histological changes were observed in the central nervous system. Moreover, group B animals exposed to amprolium developed proteinuria, with moderate tubular nephrosis, at 80 days. At the highest dose (group C) there was no interest to drink water. The data suggest that the use of oral amprolium in mice may be an interesting and viable model, when using adequate exposure times and doses. The amprolium induces thiamine deficiency progressively and moderately, which may be potentially useful for disturbed pathogenesis studies.

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