Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 413-418

Passive zooplankton community in different environments of a neotropical floodplain - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i4.11161

Paula Capelari Fernandes, Anade Souza Magalhães Braghin, LouiziNedli, JuditPalazzo, FabianaAmodêo Lansac-Tôha, FábioCosta Bonecker, Claudia

Zooplankton is able to respond promptly to environmental changes, producing resting forms in order to maintain populations when the conditions become unfavorable. The hatchling of the resting eggs was assessed in environments from the upper Paraná river floodplain, during the limnophase of 2008. We predicted that a higher production of these eggs and individuals hatchling are observed at isolated lakes, during dried period. Sediment samples were obtained with a corer sampler. The resting eggs were sorted and kept in filtered water from the same environment, in the laboratory. We recorded the occurrence of 378 resting eggs, of which 122 individuals hatched (70 cladocerans and 52 rotifers). The highest number of hatchlings was verified for the isolated lakes (84 individuals), as well the shorter time for hatchling (2 days). The hatchlings occurred mainly in September, when we registered the lowest hydrologic level of Paraná river (2.40 m). Grimaldina brazzai presented the longest time for hatchling, 44 days; and Brachionus dolabratus and B. falcatus, the shortest time, 2 days. This result suggests that the longer residence time of the water, which did not allow a renewal of food resources and limnological conditions of the environment, caused a higher stress in the zooplankton.  

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