Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 451-456

Effect of pain related of sex and estrous cycle on blood plasma glucose, free fatty acids and corticosterone in rats - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i4.10568

Diniz de Moraes, ElziraThaís Bussamra Vieira Zaia, CássiaAugusto Morozin Zaia, DimasAlexander Torres dos Santos, AngeloCezar de Andrade Ribeiro, RachelLopes da Silva, Andreia

Sex differences related with pain have been studied and evidences suggesting influence of sex steroid hormones on the thresholds of pain. Experimental nociception has been test using formalin as a model of nociceptive stimulus. Association of stress, pain and metabolic and hormonal changes has not been explored. The aim of this study was to compare metabolic and hormonal changes between male rats and female rats in proestrus and estrus cycle after painful stimulus by formalin into the masseter muscle. Male and female Wistar rats (200-250 g b.w.) were submitted to an injection of formalin (F, 1.5%) or saline (S, 9.9%) into the masseter muscle and after 0 (N, control group without injection), 5, 15, 30 or 60 minutes they were decapitate and blood was collected to measure biochemical parameters. Plasma estradiol concentration (pg dL-1) was significantly higher in proestrus (106.3 ± 4.3, n = 45, p 0.05) group compared to the estrous group (89.4 ± 3.5, n = 43). Blood plasma concentration of glucose (mg dL-1) was increased after 5 and 15 minutes of injection of formalin or saline in the animals, but in the estrus group the increase was bigger than in the others. Free fatty acids levels increased in the estrous group after 5, 15 and 30 minutes and also the corticosterone levels and these concentrations wer significantly different (p 0.05) from either male or female animals i

Texto completo