Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 381-389

Comparative study of sulfated polysaccharides from Caulerpa spp. (Chlorophyceae). Biotechnological tool for species identification? - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i4.8976

Ariévilo Gurgel Rodrigues, JoséLuíza Gomes Quinderé, AnaNilo Lino de Queiroz, IsmaelOliveira Coura, ChistianeMaria Barros Benevides, Norma

Studies on macromolecules isolated from marine algae suggested sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) as possible molecular markers for species. We evaluated isolated and fractionated SPs from the green marine algae Caulerpa cupressoides, C. prolifera and C. racemosa collected at Pacheco Beach, as possible taxonomic molecular indicators. Total SPs were extracted with papain in 100 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 5.0) containing cysteine and EDTA (both 5 mM), followed by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose using a NaCl gradient. The obtained fractions were analyzed by 0.5% agarose gel electrophoresis. Anticoagulant assays employing normal human plasma and standard heparin (193 IU mg-1) by the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) test were also performed as comparison parameters. Low yields, and similar chromatographic profiles were found among species SPs, but electrophoresis revealed distinct SPs resolution patterns. The changes in APTT of SP fractions were dependent on charge density as showed by electrophoresis profiles. Activities were 17.37 (C. cupressoides), 22.17 (C. racemosa) and 25.64 (C. prolifera) IU mg-1, respectively, similar to a previous study using the first and second species. The results suggest that comparative studies of SPs isolated from seaweeds may be an important tool for the identification of Caulerpaceae.  

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