Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Mini-Percoll technique induces similar capacitation features in domestic ruminant frozen-thawed spermatozoa regardless of the presence of heparin

Alfradique, Vivian Angélico PereiraOlivares, Carolina Cerqueira SarmentoSouza-Fabjan, Joanna Maria Gonçalves deFonseca, Jeferson Ferreira daBatista, Ribrio Ivan Tavares PereiraBalaro, Mário Felipe AlvarezSaraiva, Helena Fabiana Reis de AlmeidaCôrtes, Luana RangelBrandão, Felipe Zandonadi

Background: Sperm capacitation is a process consists of a series of functional, biochemical, and biophysical modificationsthat render the ejaculated sperm competent for oocyte fertilization. Secreted by the female reproductive tract epithelium,heparin promotes capacitation by binding to and removing seminal plasma proteins, which are adsorbed to the sperm PMand would inhibit capacitation. There is substantial evidence that cryopreservation promotes capacitation-like changes inbull, ram and buck sperm. Our general hypotheses were: (a) cryopreserved ram sperm suffer capacitation more quicklythan buck and bull sperm under the same conditions; (b) the capacitation status of ruminant cryopreserved sperm is similarwhether or not heparin is present after the mini-Percoll technique; and (c) ruminant frozen-thawed sperm selected by miniPercoll and incubated within media without heparin supplementation is not impaired in terms of capacitation status andsperm agglutination. This study aimed to compare sperm parameters of ovine, caprine, and bovine frozen-thawed spermafter mini-Percoll processing followed by incubation with or without heparin supplementation.Materials, Methods & Results: Commercial semen of all species were used. Sperm samples were selected by mini-Percolland supplemented (or not) with heparin within an incubation medium for 18 h. Sperm kinematics (CASA system analyzes),capacitation status (CTC staining) and sperm agglutination were evaluated after thawing, mini-Percoll, 1.5 h, 3 h, 6 h and18 h. In comparison with post-thawing analysis, ovine species demonstrated a reduction (P < 0.05) in most of the spermmotility parameters after mini-Percoll. Conversely, ovine samples presented...(AU)

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