Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Experimental infection by Brucella ovis: changes in NTPDase, 5’-nucleotidase and acetylcholinesterase associated cerebral oxidative stress

Perin, GéssicaSilva, Anielen DutraBottari, Nathieli BianchiAssmann, Charles EliasGomes, Teane Milagres AugustoFracasso, MateusBaldissera, Matheus DellaméaSilva, Aleksandro Schafer da

Background: Changes in purinergic and cholinergic signaling have been demonstrated in various pathologies associatedwith inflammation; however, the changes in brucellosis caused by the Gram-negative coccobacillus Brucella ovis are notknown. B. ovis is generally asymptomatic in ewes. Hepatosplenomegaly has been described in B. ovis, a non-zoonoticspecies, characterized by an extravascular inflammatory response. Purinergic system enzymes are closely involved withthe modulation of the immune system, pro- and anti-inflammatory events. The objective of this study was to investigatethe role of ectonucleotidases and cholinesterase’s in the brains of mice experimentally infected with B. ovis.Materials, Methods & Results: Forty-eight animals were divided into two groups: control (n = 24) and infected (n = 24).In group infected, 100 µL containing 1.3 x 107 UFC B. ovis /mL via intraperitoneal was used in inoculation. The brainswere collected from the animals on days 7, 15, 30 and 60 post-infection (PI). We measured levels of TBARS (substancesreactive to thiobarbituric acid) and ROS (reactive oxygen species) in the brain. The activity of NTPDase (using ATP andADP as substrate) and 5’-nucleotidase (using AMP as substrate) were evaluated in brain in addition to histopathologicalanalysis. No histopathological lesions were observed in the control group nor the infected group at days 7, 15, and 30 PI.However, multifocal areas with moderate microgliosis in the cerebral cortex were observed at day 60 PI in the infectedanimals. B. ovis DNA was detected in brain. During the course of infection, B. ovis caused greater lipid peroxidation inthe brains of infected animals than in the control group at day 60 PI. No significant results were observed at 7, 15 or day30 PI. Similarly, there was significantly more reactive oxygen species at day 60 PI in brains of infected animals than inthe control group. NTPDase activity (using ATP ...(AU)

Texto completo