Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-08

Influence of male to female ratio on hormone profiles and reproductive performance of anestrus postpartum ewes subjected to the male effect

Ferreira-Silva, José CarlosBurnett, Tracy AnneSouto, Paulo Francisco Maciel PóvoasRocha, Jorge MottaFerreira, Heder NunesMoura, Marcelo TigreCaldas, Eduardo Luiz CavalcantiOliveira, Marcos Antonio Lemos

Background: Complete isolation of genders allows intense estrous induction and synchronization once rams are introduced in ewe flocks at the onset of the breeding season (BS). This management practice, defined as the male effect, results from a neuroendocrine process mediated by pheromones. The male effect is a straightforward procedure to induce estrous in noncycling ewes, but conditions for its use have not been fully explored. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate hormone levels and ovarian activity of postpartum ewes in anestrus which are subjected to the male effect under different male to female ratios. Material, Methods & Results: Pospartum females were selected according to body condition score and cyclicity status. Females were kept apart from males during 30 days at a distance of 10 m. Anestrus and ovulation were determined by P4 measures on days 10, 20 and 30 after isolation from males. After P4 concentration diagnosis, anestrus ewe (n = 99) were subjected to male to ewe ratios (MFR) of 1:20 (MFR20), 1:30 (MFR30) and 1:40 (MFR40). Santa Inês rams (n = 3) of proven fertility were used. Three females of each group were randomly subjected to blood collection for LH concentration analysis. Ovarian activity was performed by ultrasonography after estrus manifestation in six ewe of each group. Estrus events were observed twice a day during the BS of 35 days, and estrus [...](AU)

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