Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Effects of different estrous synchronization methods on the composition of simmental cow’s milk

Seker, IbrahimRisvanli, AliCalicioglu, MehmetIncili, Gokhan KursadSaat, Nevzat

Background: Estrous synchronization is one of the primary applications performed to improve the fertility and to consolidate the parturition times in dairy cattle farms. Since the primary objective is to increase fertility regardless of the method of synchronization used, the effect of this process on the udder health and the quality of milk is generally ignored. Therefore, in the present study, the aim was to investigate the effect of different estrous synchronization methods t on the milk quality in a dairy cattle farm.Materials, Methods & Results: In this study, a total of 100 Simmental cows the same farm under good management practices were used. The animals were randomly divided into 4 groups of 25 cows each. The animals in the 1st group were used as a control group without any treatment. Progesterone-releasing intravaginal device (PRID) was inserted to the animals in the 2nd group, double dose of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 -alpha) with 11 days apart was applied to the animals in the 3rd group, and the Ovsynch protocol was applied to the animals in the 4th group. Starting from the first day of the applications, milk samples from each milk tank belonging to the groups were taken, kept frozen for 3 months and analyzed for the levels of fat, nonfat solids, density, protein, lactose and minerals over the course of one month. According to the results, the minimum milk fat content was found in the PRID group as 2.47 ± 0.354%, and the highest value was in the PGF2 -alpha group as 3.58 ± 0.207%. The difference in milk fat ratio between the groups was found to be significant (P < .05). However, the differences between the groups for other parameters were not significant (P > .05).[...](AU)

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