Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Correlation between histopathological findings and results of direct immunofluorescence in the diagnosis of canine localized cutaneous chronic lupus erythematosus

Odaguiri, JulianaAoki, ValériaFukumori, Lígia Maria IchimuraPérigo, Alexandre MarquesMichalany, Nilceo ScweryFontana, IsabellaLarsson, Carlos Eduardo

Background: Localized chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE), also known as discoid lupus erythematosus, is one of the most prevalent canine autoimmune skin diseases. Histopathology is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of CCLE and the accuracy of which can be increased by use of direct immunofluorescence (DIF). This study aimed to investigate the fluorescence pattern revealed by DIF in cases of canine localized CCLE and to establish and compare its effectiveness with that obtained from histopathology.Materials, Methods & Results: Eleven dogs suspicious to localized CCLE, i.e., those animals that presented mucocutaneous lesions as erythema, leucoderma, erosive-ulcerative lesions, and loss of nasal planum architecture and its transition to the haired skin underwent medical physical and laboratory examinations (blood count, platelet count, determination of alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, total protein, serum albumin, urea, creatinine). Only those animals that proved to be normal across both the physical and laboratorial evaluation were included in Group I. Animals belonging to this group were submitted to general anesthesia to biopsy two samples of lesioned skin from nasal planum to histopathologic examination and DIF test. Five dogs with no skin lesions were included in Group II as negative control to the DIF assay. Two samples of no lesioned skin from nasal planum were biopsied to histopathologic and DIF evaluation. The kappa (k) coefficient was used to determine the degree of agreement and reliability of the results of both tests. A P-value < 5% was considered to be statistically significant. In Group I, all animals were normal across both the physical and laboratorial evaluation. A diagnosis of canine CCLE was established in 81.8% (9/11) of the animals based on histopathology analysis.[...](AU)

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