Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Arterial, mixed venous or central venous hemogasometry and end tidal CO2 in dogs under different hemodynamic states

Gehrcke, Martielo IvanRegalin, DoughlasPadilha, Vanessa SassoComassetto, FelipeSilva, Gizelli daMoraes, Aury Nunes deOleskovicz, Nilson

Background: Hemogasometric analysis is used in the interpretation of acid-base balance (ABB) and to access pulmonary ventilation. Already mixed venous oxygen saturation obtained at pulmonary artery correlates with tissue oxygenation. However, both samples can be difficult to access because of the difficulties in arterial and pulmonary catheterization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the arterial and mixed venous bloods, the end tidal pressure of carbon dioxide (EtCO2 ) and central venous blood in the analysis of pulmonary ventilation, tissue oxygenation and ABB in dogs under different hemodynamic states. Material, Methods & Results: Nine dogs were used with an average weight of 19.6 ± 1.3 kg, anesthetized with isoflurane at 1.4 V% diluted on oxygen 60% (Baseline), and subsequently undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) and the hypodinamic state (Hypo) with isoflurane at 3.5V% and mean arterial pressure (MAP) lower than 50 mmHg and hyperdynamic state (Hyper) by dobutamine infusion at 5 μg/kg/min and with MAP 30% higher than baseline. For each time allowed a 15 min of stabilization by each hemodynamic status. Simultaneously were collected samples of 0.6 mL of arterial blood by metatarsal artery, mixed and central venous blood by pulmonary artery and right atrium for hemogasometric analysis. To access lung function we correlated and compared the EtCO2 values obtained by gas analyzer with expired carbon dioxide pressure in the arterial blood (PaCO2 ), mixed venous blood (PmvCO2 ) and central venous blood (PcvCO2 ). For the interpretation of tissue oxygenation we correlated and compared the values of mixed (SmvO2 ) and central (ScvO2 ) venous oxygen saturation. For the acid-base balance we used the correlation of potencial hydrogen (pH); carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2 ); bicarbonate ion (HCO3-); base excess (BE); […](AU)

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