Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Valores de Referência para tempos de coagulação em uma população de cães de Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

Dalmolin, Magnus LarruscaimLasta, Camila SerinaLacerda, Luciana de AlmeidaAraújo, Elisa Rocha deCoutinho, Mariana LonerVaz Júnior, Itabajara da Silva

Background: Prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) are screening tests for coagulopathies in dogs. Both tests measure the clotting ability by the activation of different parts of the coagulation cascade. These tests vary widely in terms of reference parameters, mainly due the considerable diversity of reagents and analyzers available. In addition, there are many variations inherent to different populations, and little has been published about coagulation reference parameters for the local dog population. The main objective of the present study was to determine a clotting time reference range of a dog population in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.Materials, Methods & Results: Hemostatic reference range was determined from citrated plasma of 268 clinically heathy dogs of both genders. The animals did not present bleeding diathesis or thrombocytopenia history. All dogs were previously submitted to clinical examination (cardiopulmonary auscultation, abdominal palpation, and rectal temperature) and laboratory screening (complete blood count, creatinine, albumin, and alanine aminotransferase). PT and PTT of 71 and 258 samples were measured, respectively. Blood samples were collected into 2.7 mL 3.2 % sodium citrate tubes (9 parts blood : 1 part citrate) by vacuum. Blood samples were centrifuged; the plasma was harvested and stored at -30 °C upon analyses. All analyses were performed using the viscosity detection method in semi-automatic coagulometer according to manufacturer’s guidelines. The reference ranges were determined in accordance with the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology. The PT and PTT reference ranges were between 6.06 to 9.32 s and between 15.25 to 24.57 s, respectively.Discussion: The increased activity of the extrinsic pathway clotting factor generates narrow values in the PT assay, in comparison to PTT results.[...](AU)

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