Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 1-6

Hematologic parameters of captive lions (Panthera leo) and Siberian tigers (Panthera tigris altaica)

Larsson, Maria Helena Matiko AkaoEspírito Santo, Patrícia Lourenzon doMirandola, Regina Mieko SakataFedullo, José Daniel LuzesIto, Fumio HonmaItikawa, Paula HiromiPessoa, Rebecca Bastos

Background: The clinical evaluation of captive large felids has been a challenge for veterinarians and the diversity of management of this animals can complicate the standardization of hematologic parameters to these species. Red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and platelet counts were measured, as well as plasma fibrinogen levels, from captive lions and Siberian tigers in Brazil. The objective of this study is to provide veterinarians an additional source of information concerning the reference values of hematologic parameters of lions and Siberian tigers.Materials, Methods & Results: This study presents the hematologic parameters of 29 captive lions (Panthera leo) and 16 captive Siberian tigers (Panthera tigris altaica) from the Zoological Park of São Paulo Foundation. For inclusion in the experiment, animals were clinically examined, and those with recent physiological and/or concurrent alterations, those who were receiving any type of medication, those with an inadequate body condition score, those with dehydration, and those infested by ectoparasites or affected by some disease were excluded. The animals were chemically restrained on their own premises using anesthetic darts containing ketamine and xylazine. Blood samples were collected by jugular, cephalic or saphenous venipuncture. The appropriated volume intended for a hemogram evaluation was collected in tubes containing 2.7 nM Na2 EDTA, to preserving the ideal ratio of blood to anticoagulant. For statistical analysis, Unpaired Student t tests were performed and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. No significant differences were found in the hematological values between male and female lions, except for the mature neutrophils values, which was higher in males.[...](AU)

Texto completo