Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Análise soroepidemiológica da infecção pelo herpesvírus bovino tipo 1 (BoHV-1) em bovinos no Estado de Pernambuco

Silva, Fabrício dos SantosOliveira, Júnior Mário Baltazar deBatista Filho, Antônio Fernando BarbosaRibeiro, Claudia PestanaPituco, Edviges MaristelaPinheiro Junior, José Wilton

Background: The infection of vírus the Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) is responsible for variety of clinical signs in cattle, highlighting problems in the reproductive tract which causes damage to the cattle. The objective of this work was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with infection by bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) in cattle herds in the micro Garanhuns, State of Pernambuco, Brazil.Materials, Methods & Results: Samples of 373 cows of reproductive age were collected (over 24 months), with milk aptitude and seven bulls, totaling 380 samples from herds without history of BoHV-1 vaccination, from 20 properties distributed in the municipalities that make up the study area during the months of April and May 2013. For serological diagnosis of infection with BoHV-1, we used the virus neutralization test (VN). In each farm, an epidemiological questionnaire to analyze risk factors with objective questions about the characteristics of production and aspects of hygiene and sanitary and reproductive management was applied. The analyze the risk factors associated with BoHV-1, it was performed a univariate analysis of the variables of interest using the chi-square test of Pearson or Fisher exact test, when necessary. Then, a logistic regression analysis dependent variable considering how to BoHV-1 virus neutralization test result (no reagent or reagent) was performed. The independent or explanatory variables considered in the model were those that showed statistical significance < 0.20. The prevalence was 79.5% (302/380; CI: 75.1% - 83.4%) of the 20 sampled properties, all had at least one positive animal, with prevalence in herds ranging from 46.2% to 100.0%.[...](AU)

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