Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Hidrocefalia congênita em cães

Chaves, Rafael OliveiraCopat, BrunaFabretti, Andrei KellitonFeranti, João Pedro ScusselOliveira, Marília Teresa deElias, Bruno CesarGomes, Lucas AlécioMazzanti, Alexandre

Background: Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by increased cerebrospinal fluid volume, with progressive dilatation of the ventricular system, with subsequent destruction and atrophy of the brain parenchyma. The congenital form is the most observed in the first months of life and occurs more frequently in small breed dogs. Because of the importance of this disease in the differential diagnosis in young dogs with signs cortical thalamus and the lack of national literature on the subject, the objective of this report was to present ten cases of congenital hydrocephalus in dogs and information about the race, sex, age, neurological signs, the findings of complementary tests and response to therapy. Cases: Ten dogs were referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of the UFSM, being three mixed breed dogs, two Lhasa apso, two Dachshunds, one Poodle, one English Bulldog and one Yorkshire terrier, aged between one month and one year and six months, seven females and three males. In all cases, the owners reported during anamnesis, altered level of consciousness (drowsiness or hallucination) and behavior and learning difficulties. For anatomical location of the lesion was performed complete neurological examination. As complementary tests were requested hemogram and serum biochemistry. In some individuals was performed analysis of cerebrospinal fluid by puncturing the...(AU)

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