VETINDEX

Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-04

Medical and surgical approach to gangrenous mastitis related to galactostasis in a cat

Ayse Demirel, MursideErgin, Irem

Background: Feline mastitis is an uncommon inflammation of mammary gland that is caused by bacterial infection of lactating gland or during pseudopregnancy. Milk accumulation may cause acute septic mastitis due to congestion of milk. It is believed that the microorganisms gain entrance via fissures in the nipples and adjacent skin or spread by way of both the ducts and the lymphatics. The staphylococci that are a persistent pathogen may cause gangrene within a few days. In cases of mastitis that does not respond medical treatment, radical treatment is mastectomy.Case: A 1-year-old, which had given a birth for a week, primiparous, unused exogenous hormone, mixed breed cat was brought to the clinic with complaint of anorexia, dehydration and fatigue for 3 days. Cat had fi ve healthy kittens on the 73rd day of pregnancy. The owner mentioned that there were home renovations, so the cat was scared from the noise and hid. The cats body temperature and respiratory rate increased. The right caudo-abdominal mammary gland was asymmetric, enlarged, hyperemic, warm, edematous and painful, also gland veins were dilated. A viscous, yellow colored milk came from the nipple and Staphylococcus aureus was isolated. Whereas blood biochemical parameters were within normal limits, complete blood cell count were observed to be deviating significantly. The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic a

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