VETINDEX

Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-06

Hipoplasia medular segmentar múltipla em um felino doméstico

Gonzalez Peres Albernaz, ViniciusThais Roncoski, AndressaDittrich, GustavoCristina Miara, LivLuiz Costa Castro, Jorge

Background: The nervous system is one of the most affected by congenital malformations. These can occur during neural tube formation or failed neurogenesis. Segmental spinal cord hypoplasia commonly involves two or three spinal segments in the thoracolumbar region. It is characterized by incomplete formation of the spinal cord and may also be followed by spine column malformations. Clinical signs usually include functional impairment of the hindlimbs. Diagnosis is based on history, clinical signs, age, radiographs and is confi rmed with necropsy and histopathological fi ndings. There is no treatment for this condition and the animals present low life quality. This paper aims to report the clinical, radiographic and histopathological aspects of multiple segmental spinal cord hypoplasia in a domestic cat.Case: A 52-days-old, female, Persian breed, domestic cat weighing 0.55 kg was treated presenting a history of pelvic limb paraplegia associated with urinary and fecal incontinence since birth. On clinical examination there were fl accid paraplegia of hind limbs associated with absence of proprioception, anal refl ex and tone and postural defi cits. Also, all spinal refl exes of pelvic limbs and deep and superfi cial pain were absent. There was no clinical history of muscular tremors, nystagmus, seizures or other central nervous system signs. The other animals of the litter showed

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