Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-09

Topical anti-inflammatory potential of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) seed oil on acute and chronic skin inflammation in mice

Liduína Maia de Oliveira, MariaCélia Sousa Nunes-Pinheiro, DianaMaria Oliveira Bezerra, BeliseOliveira Leite, LuanaRocha Tomé, AdrianaCláudia Carneiro Girão, Virginia

Background: Inflammation is an adaptive response that is triggered by noxious stimuli and conditions, which involves interactions amongst many cell types and mediators, and underlies many pathological process. Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) can influence inflammation through a variety of mechanisms, and have been indicated as alternative anti-inflammatory agents to treat several inflammatory skin disorders. Pumpkin seed oil (PSO) is rich in UFAs, but its topical anti-inflammatory properties have not been investigated. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to evaluate the effects of PSO on acute and chronic cutaneous inflammation experimental models. Materials, Methods & Results: PSO was purchased commercially and analyzed phytochemically. The topical anti-inflammatory activity of PSO at different concentrations was evaluated on acute models (xylene- and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA)-induced ear edema) and chronic model (multiple applications of oxazolone-induced dermatitis) in mice. Indomethacin and dexamethasone were used as reference drugs. The ear swelling was measured in both ear thickness (µm) and weight tissue (mg) at 1 and 4 h after xylene and TPA application, respectively. In the chronic model, the effectiveness of treatments was measured each 24 h post-challenge with oxazolone for 4 days. At the end of experiments, ear biopsies were assessed by histologica

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