Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-06

Susceptibility of Trypanosoma evansi in the copaiba oil: in vitro test and in mice experimentally infected with the parasite

de Souza Dorneles, FellipeSchafer da Silva, AleksandroBelmonte Oliveira, CamilaEloise Prestes Zimmermann, CarineDalla Rosa, LucianaAlberto Tonin, AlexandreCristina Pacheco de Oliveira, Elaineanio Janio Janio JanioGonzalez Monteiro, Silvia

Background: Trypanosoma evansi is a flagellate which belongs to the salivate section, commonly observed parasitizing blood of equines, ruminants, pigs, dogs and wild animals in different regions of the world. It causes many losses to farmers due to death of animals and drug spending in endemic areas. The treatment of this disease in Brazil is only performed with diminazene aceturate; however it has been ineffective for many animals. During the lats years many studies have been carried out with natural products such as the essential oils. Copaiba oil stands out due some properties described as anti-inflammatory, healing, antiedematogenic, antitumor, parasitic and antibacterial. Therefore, this study aimed to test, in vitro and in vivo, the susceptibility of T. evansi to copaiba oil. Materials, Methods & Results: The oils used in this study were obtained from Copaifera reticulata and Copaifera duckei trees, commonly found in the Tapajos National Forest. The procedure received authorization of IBAMA due the scientific purposes. This study identified three oils identified as copaiba 4-C (C. reticulata), copaiba 5-C (C. duckei) and copaiba 8-C (C. reticulata). The bioassay was performed in vitro using specific culture medium for T. evansi, previously described by Baltz, 1985. Copaiba oil was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and tested in three concentrations (0.5, 1.0 and

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