Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-09

Characterization of acute murine dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) colitis: severity of inflammation is dependent on the DSS molecular weight and concentration

da Costa Gonçalves, FabianySchneider, NatáliaFlores Mello, HelenaPandolfi Passos, EduardoMeurer, LuíseCirne-Lima, ElizabethHelena da Rosa Paz, Ana

Background: Colitis murine models have become essential tools to investigate the molecular and cellular mechanisms that lead to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis (UC). DSS-induced colitis model faithfully reproduces many of the clinical presentation and immunological disturbances observed in UC. Notwithstanding mice can show differential susceptibilities and responsiveness to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), and varying DSS concentration and molecular weights appear to be associated with the severity of inflammation. The aim of this study was to analyze the features of mice induced colitis using different DSS concentrations and molecular weights. Materials, Methods and Results: C57BL/6 mice received 2% of high molecular weight DSS (36 000 - 50 000) in drinking water (HDSS2%) or 5% of the same molecular weight (HDSS5%); other group received 5% of low molecular weight DSS (10 000) (LDSS5%). During the 7 days of DSS administration, animals were observed for weight loss, stool consistency and presence of blood feces to determine the disease activity index (DAI). On day 8, colons were removed, measured and weighed for indirect assessment of inflammation. The tissue samples were processed for histological analysis and blood samples were collected for hematological analysis. Our results demonstrated that HDSS5% group began to show significant clinical signs sta

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