Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-13

Analytical accuracy of the owner´s perception about exposition to risk factors for canine diabetes mellitus, and survival after its diagnosis at Southern Brazil

Gomes Pöppl, ÁlanMeyrer, BrunaCosta, EduardoHein, HéberGustavo Corbellini, LuisDíaz González, Félix

Background: Canine diabetes mellitus (CDM) is a common group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. In this aspect, many environmental factors have been implicated in CDM development such as sedentariness, obesity, and diet. The goals of this work were to evaluate the accuracy of a questionnaire for detection of exposition to risk factors for CDM, as well as make a survey of the degree of exposition to these different risk factors before diagnosis in a diabetic dogs population and study their survival curve after diagnosis. Materials, Methods & Results: A questionnaire with 18 questions was elaborated based on previous validated questionnaires. From a total of 120 diabetic patients recruited to the study, 110 owners agreed in answer it. The interviews were telephone made by trained interviewers. For accuracy determination, answers were compared with standardized medical records from the patient´s first consultation. In 94 patients, accuracy determination was possible to be done, and then sensibility, specificity, and the concordance value Kappa were determined for each question, being considered significant P values 0.05. Concerning population profile, 37 patients (33.63%) were mongrel and 27 (24.54%) Poodles. Other 21 breeds were identified, with a mean age at CDM diagnosis of 10 ± 2.

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