Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-10

Esporotricose zoonótica: procedimentos de biossegurança

Torres da Silva, DeniseCaldas Menezes, RodrigoDib Ferreira Gremião, IsabellaMaria Pacheco Schubach, TâniaSepúlveda Boechat, JéssicaAntonio Pereira, Sandro

Background: Sporotrichosis is a fungal infection caused by Sporothrix schenckii species complex, which is distributed worldwide, especially in regions of tropical and subtropical climates. It can affect both humans and a great variety of animals, among which, the domestic dog and cat. Today is considered the subcutaneous mycosis more frequent in Brazil, due to the progressive increase of zoonotic transmission of the disease in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro.Review: In the endemic region of zoonotic sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro,veterinarians, their assistants and owners of cats with sporotrichosis are considered risk groups for acquiring the infection. Of the human cases of sporotrichosis in this endemic region that were accompanied by the Clinical Research Institute Evandro Chagas (IPEC / Fiocruz) in the period from 1998 to 2001, 5% of the patients diagnosed for the disease were veterinarians, demonstrating the occurrence of the infection in this occupational group. Biosafety is defi ned as a condition of security achieved by a set of measures aimed at the prevention, control, reduction or elimination of risks involved in activities that could endanger the health of humans, animals, plants and the environment. However, small animal veterinary pratictioners from the endemic region of Rio de Janeiro usually do not follow biosafety measures, which increases the risk

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