Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-07

Avaliação in vitro do potencial antiviral de Guettarda angelica contra herpesvírus animais

Vieira Barros, AlyneMendes Araújo, LorenaFaustino de Oliveira, FernandoOliveira da Conceição, AlineCristina Simoni, IsabelaJudite Bittencourt Fernandes, MariaWeis Arns, Clarice

Background: The number of antiviral studies using plant extracts has increased in the last decades, and the results have shown that plants are potential sources of compounds that are able to inhibit and/or decrease viral infections. The selection of these plants by ethnopharmacological criteria increases the probability of fi nding new substances with signifi cant pharmacological and biological activities. Hence, Brazil has an advantage in this area due to its extensive biodiversity and ethnological diversity. Guettarda angelica is a plant from the Brazilian Caatinga region the roots of which are popularly used for various therapeutic purposes, including veterinary use. The aim of this work was to investigate the in vitro antiviral activity of extracts of plant parts from G. angelica against three animal herpesviruses: bovine (BoHV-1), suid (SuHV-1) and equine (EHV-1) herpesviruses type 1.Materials, Methods & Results: The extracts of roots, leaves and seeds of G. angelica were initially screened for in vitro antiviral activity against these herpesviruses using the virus yield reduction assay. The MDBK cells were used in assays with BoHV-1 and SuHV-1, and the Vero cells with EHV-1. For these assays, the cells previously treated with the extracts in non-cytotoxic concentrations were inoculated with logarithmic dilutions of each virus. The viral inhibitory activity of extracts

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