Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-015

Caracterização dos danos celulares em gametas femininos e embriões após criopreservação

de Andrade Carvalho, AdelineRocha Faustino, LucianaVieira Castro, SimoneRicardo de Figueiredo, JoséPaula Ribeiro Rodrigues, Ana

Background: Cryopreservation is a biotech successfully employed in female gametes and embryos. This technique is of great importance for propagation of genetic material from animals with high-value livestock as well as to preserve the fertility of women undergoing cancer treatments. However, low temperatures can result in damage to different cellular compartments and organelles. This damage culminates in reduced viability, since they affect cell metabolism.Review: Cryopreservation consists of maintenance of biological material at low temperatures, in which chemical reactions are ceased, however, allowing the cells to preserve their viability. However, the decrease of temperature and subsequent warming may result in cellular damage. These damages occur in the cell membrane, cytoplasmic organelles and the cell nucleus. It is believed that the fi rst cell structure undergoing cryoinjury is the plasma membrane, responsible for maintaining homeostasis within the cell, and the loss of plasma membrane during the reduction temperature reported the main damage. The membrane damage due to cryopreservation appears to correlate with the reduction of thermal energy at low temperatures, thus limiting the movement of molecules through the phospholipids of lipid bilayer. Cryopreservation also alters the morphology, structure and cellular distribution of lipid droplets, reducing the survival of

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