Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 01-04

Leishmaniose Visceral Canina: Dois casos autóctones no município de Florianópolis, estado de Santa Catarina

Borges Figueiredo, FabianoEdilson Ferreira de Lima Jr, FranciscoEliziane Tomio, Janaínade Melo Chaves Indá, FábioLuiz Borges Corrêa, Gilsonde Fátima Madeira, Maria

Background: Brazil faces an expansion and urbanization of American visceral leishmaniasis with human and canine cases in several metropolises. This report describes two cases of autochthonous canine visceral leishmaniasis in the city of Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, classified as an area previously without disease transmission.Case: Five dogs from Canto dos Araçás, Lagoa da Conceição, Florianópolis municipality, which had no history of displacement to other municipalities, were studied by collecting clinical specimens in an attempt to isolate the parasite and to confirm the infection by Leishmania. For sampling the animals were sedated and after local shaving, asepsis and anesthesia with lidocaine HCl 2%, two fragments of apparently healthy skin of the scapular region with the aid of a 3 mm punch were obtained. The two fragments were placed in sterile saline plus antibiotics and antifungal agents solution to attempt the isolation of the parasite in NNN culture medium plus Schneiders medium. In addition to the collection of skin fragment, animals underwent bone marrow (BM) needle aspiration, obtained from the manubrium of the sternum, using a 20 mL syringe with 40x12 mm needle and aspiration biopsy of popliteal lymph nodes using Valeri citoaspirador 10 mL syringe and 25x8 mm needle, both performed after local shaving, asepsis and anesthesia with 2% lidocaine. The mate

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