Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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Linfadenite caseosa em ovinos abatidos sob inspeção federal no estado do Rio Grande do Sul - estimativas de perdas

Machado, GustavoGressler, Letícia TrevisanKirinus, Jackeline KarstenHerrmann, Geder Paulo

Background: Caseous lymphadenitis (CL) is considered one of the most important diseases, economically, in sheep and goats in the United States, Canada and Australia. Annual losses in wool production reaches 17 million dollars in Australia, the disease cause important impact in Europe, Africa, Middle East, Australia, and in the Americas. The CL is a chronic disease, which affects mainly sheep and goats. The etiologic agent is the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. The presence of the agent in feces contributes to environmental contamination and increases the risk of infections in herds. For countries with international marketing of live animals, the CL is a serious health problem to livestock disease-free. The objective of this study was to report the occurrence of lesions caused by CL in sheep slaughtered under the official service of inspection of the state of Rio Grande do Sul and correlate it to the economic losses due to the lesions found. Materials, Methods & Results: Data concerning the fate of raw materials, the total number of animals slaughtered and injuries from the ante and post-mortem were provided by the Federal Inspection Service (SIFs do Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento no Rio Grande do Sul (SFA/MAPA-RS). Data from the slaughtered animals were generated by the information system management service inspection (SIGSIF), requested in official character, which included the daily slaughter maps, as well as monthly and annual reports. Were collected data from 932,547 sheep slaughtered under federal inspection, from January 2004 to August 2009. The number of cases recorded only in Federal Inspection Service was 348 and the number of animals condemned at slaughter was 86.[...](AU)

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