Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 1-17

Agentes crioprotetores intracelulares: características e utilização na criopreservação de tecido ovariano e oócitos

Castro, Simone VieiraCarvalho, Adeline de AndradeSilva, Cleidson Manoel Gomes daFaustino, Luciana RochaFigueiredo, José Ricardo deRodrigues, Ana Paula Ribeiro

Background: The application of cryopreservation in human and animal reproductive medicine has stimulated several studies about the effects of low temperatures and freezing processes on cells and tissues, in order to develop efficient protocols for gamete and embryo preservation. Moreover, cryopreservation is a fundamental tool for the establishment of animal germplasm banks, allowing the preservation of genetic material from several species and breeds or for further study and/or recovery of desirable characteristics. For the success of cryopreservation, the addition of an intracellular cryoprotectant agent in the freezing solution is indispensable. However, issues related to intracellular cryoprotectant agents used, e.g., their metabolism and potential toxicity, must be examined carefully so we can choose the cryoprotectant most suitable for a specific structure. Review: In this regard, this review introduces several aspects of cryopreservation, such as basic principles and methods used (slow freezing and vitrification), describing the fundamental steps of cryoprotectant agent’s exposure, cooling, storage, thawing or warming and removal of the cryoprotectant agent. The addition of an intracellular cryoprotectant to the freezing solution is essential, but does not guarantee the success of the cryopreservation protocol, due to its toxic effect, which requires a perfect balance between cryoprotectant concentration, temperature and exposure time to the structure which will be cryopreserved. Some studies attribute the toxicity of these agents mainly to the secondary metabolites formed when the cell resumes its activi ty and gradually begins to metabolize the cryoprotectant agent.[...](AU)

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