Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Bone callus formation is highly disrupted by dietary restriction in growing rats sustaining a femoral fracture

Botega, Iara InácioZamarioli, ArianeGuedes, Patrícia Madalena San GregórioSilva, Raquel Assed Bezerra daIssa, João Paulo MardeganButezloff, Mariana MalosteSousa, Yara Terezinha Corrêa SilvaXimenez, João Paulo BianchiVolpon, José Batista

Purpose:To evaluate the effects of food restriction on fracture healing in growing rats.Methods:Sixty-eight male Wistar rats were assigned to two groups: (1) Control and (2) Dietary restriction. After weaning the dietary restricted animals were fed ad libitum for 42 days with 50% of the standard chow ingested by the control group. Subsequently, the animals underwent bone fracture at the diaphysis of the right femur, followed by surgical stabilization of bone fragments. On days 14 and 28 post-fracture, the rats were euthanized, and the fractured femurs were dissected, the callus was analyzed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, micro-computed tomography, histomorphometry, mechanical tests, and gene expression.Results:Dietary restriction decreased body mass gain and resulted in several phenotypic changes at the bone callus (a delay in cell proliferation and differentiation, lower rate of newly formed bone and collagen deposition, reductions in bone callus density and size, decrease in tridimensional callus volume, deterioration in microstructure, and reduction in bone callus strength), together with the downregulated expression of osteoblast-related genes.Conclusion:Dietary restriction had detrimental effects on osseous healing, with a healing delay and a lower quality of bone callus formation.(AU)

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