Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 744-752

Role of moxifloxacin-dexamethasone in cardiac histomorphometric findings among Wistar rats from infected mothers

Maior, Gustavo Ithamar SoutoMascena, Guilherme VerasMarquis, Valéria Wanderley Pinto BrandãoFigueiredo Filho, Carlos AlbertoPaz, Alexandre Rolim daMoura, Líbia Cristina Rocha VilelaBrandt, Carlos Teixeira

Purpose: To investigate cardiac changes in young rats, whose mothers underwent autogenic fecal peritonitis, during organogenesis phase and to evaluate the role of intravenous administration of moxifloxacin and dexamethasone in preventing infection-related cardiac changes. Methods: A prospective histomorphometric study was performed on 29 hearts of Wistar four-month old rats. Animals were divided into three groups: Negative Control Group (NCG) included 9 subjects from healthy mothers; Positive Control Group (PCG) included 10 subjects from mothers with fecal peritonitis (intra-abdominal injection of 10% autogenic fecal suspension in the gestational period) and did not receive any treatment; and Intervention Group (IG), with 10 animals whose infected mothers received moxifloxacin and dexamethasone treatment 24 hours after induction of fecal peritonitis. Results: Nuclear count was higher in the IG group as compared to PCG (p = 0.0016) and in NCG as compared to PCG (p = 0.0380). There was no significant difference in nuclear counts between NCG and IG. Conclusion: Induced autogenic fecal peritonitis in pregnant Wistar rats determined myocardial changes in young rats that could be avoided by the early administration of intravenous moxifloxacin and dexamethasone.(AU)

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