Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 673-683

Bacterial cellulose to reinforce urethrovesical anastomosis. A translational study

Maia, Guilherme Tavares da SilvaAlbuquerque, Amanda Vasconcelos deMartins Filho, Euclides DiasLira Neto, Filipe Tenório deSouza, Veridiana Sales Barbosa deSilva, Anderson Arnaldo daLira, Mariana Montenegro de MeloLima, Salvador Vilar Correia

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of the cellulosic exopolysaccharide membrane (CEM) as a urethral reinforcement for urethrovesical anastomosis. Methods: Twenty eight rabbits were submitted to urethrovesical anastomosis with or without CEM reinforcement. The animals were divided into 4 groups: C7, CEM7, C14 and CEM14: (C= only anastomosis or CEM = anastomosis + CEM), evaluated after 7 weeks, and 14 weeks. The biointegration and biocompatibility of CEM were evaluated according to stenosis, fistula, urethral wall thickness, urethral epithelium, rate of inflammation and vascularization. Results: Between the two experimental groups, the difference in the number of stenosis or urinary fistula was not statistically significant. The morphometric analysis revealed preservation of urethral lumen, well adhered CEM without extrusion, a controlled inflammatory process and implant vascularization. The urothelium height remained constant over time after CEM reinforcement and the membrane wall was thicker, statistically, after 14 weeks. Conclusion: The absence of extrusion, stenosis or urinary fistula after 14 weeks of urethrovesical anastomosis demonstrates cellulosic exopolysaccharide membrane biocompatibility and biointegration with tendency to a thicker wall.(AU)

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