Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 619-628

NF-kB mediated CX3CL1 activation in the dorsal root ganglion contributes to the maintenance of neuropathic pain induced in adult male Sprague Dawley rats

Liu, ChenglongZhang, FeiLiu, HaihuaWei, Fang

Purpose: To evaluate the role of CX3CL1 and NF-B in the lumbar disc herniation induced neuropathic pain. Methods: After LDH induced by implantation of autologous nucleus pulposus (NP) on the left L5 nerve root was established, mechanical thresholds and thermal hyperalgesia were tested at relevant time points during an observation period of 28 days. Expression of CX3CL1 and NF-Bin the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) were performed by using Western blotting and RT-PCR. Results: Implantation of autologous nucleus pulposus (NP) induced neuropathic pain, associated with increased mRNA and protein expression of CX3CL1 in the DRG. Moreover, intrathecal injection of neutralizing antibody against CX3CL1 could attenuates LDH-induced persistent pain hypersensitivity. Interestingly, NF-B activation in the DRGs were found in LDH-induced neuropathic pain. Furthermore, NF-B downregulation by p65 inhibitor PDTC markedly alleviated LDH-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in rat. Importantly, CX3CL1 neutralizing antibody (10 g/10 l, i.t.) reduces p-p65 protein level in DRG Conclusions: CX3XL1 could regulate LDH-induced neuropathic pain through NF-B pathway. Targeting CX3CL1 and NF-B may represent a potential treatment for neuropathic pain caused by LDH.(AU)

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