Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 914-923

Rat models of high risk colorectal anastomoses

Alvarenga Junior, ValterFerraz, Edna DelabioRolim, MarciaCarra, Amabile MarranSilva, Pedro Teixeira daFranco, Olavo BorgesCordeiro, Mariana Menegat DiasTakiya, Christina MaedaBaetas-da-Cruz, WagnerManso, José Eduardo FerreiraFerreira, Manoel LuizEulálio, José Marcus RasoSilva, Paulo CésarSouza, Heitor Siffert Pereira deSchanaider, Alberto

Purpose: To evaluate the most frequent surgical techniques of high-risk colorectal anastomoses in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were enrolled in three different models comprising inflammatory (TNBS enema), vascular (portal vein occlusion) or obstructive (a non-ischemic constricting ring) mechanisms associated with colonic anastomosis that had accomplished after these former lesions. Histological analyses (Hematoxylin and eosin and Picrosirius red) were performed. Results: All anastomoses techniques were associated with risk factors and had complications, mainly anastomotic leakage. In Study 1, the use of a pharmacological agent, trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) mimicked an inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohns disease with 50% of anastomosis leakage, the higher percentage among all models tested. In Study 2, after portal ischemia followed by reperfusion it was observed a dense neutrophil infiltrate in the midst of necrotic tissue and fibrin at the anastomotic site and 5 days after the anastomosis, no collagen was produced. In Study 3, 5 days after the mechanical obstruction some denuded areas of epithelium with marked oedema of mucosa and submucosa were seen, at the anastomotic site and anastomosis group showed some reduction of collagen density when compared with Control/Sham group. Conclusion: All the experimental surgical techniques tested in rats were associated with high-risk colorectal anastomoses and were useful to study colonic anastomotic healing and intestinal leakage.(AU)

Texto completo